When a tooth has suffered significant trauma, decay, or infection, it may be best to remove it to prevent further complications. Also, extractions are necessary when a permanent tooth is impacted.
Some patients may have other reasons for choosing to extract their wisdom teeth. For example, if teeth have been injured in an accident, they may require removal for proper healing. Also, teeth that have suffered severe tooth decay may need to be removed to prevent infection spread and damage to surrounding teeth.
Types of Extractions
A simple extraction is performed when the compromised tooth is visible in the mouth. If the tooth has fully erupted, the dentist may be able to remove it by simply grasping it and pulling it out. Otherwise, the tooth may need to be sectioned before it is removed.
A surgical extraction is performed when the problem tooth is impacted or has not broken through the gums. This procedure requires an incision in the gum line so the dentist can access the unerupted or impacted tooth. The dentist will remove any covering tissue and then remove the tooth. Due to the complexity of surgical extraction procedures, they are typically only recommended if other treatments would be ineffective.
Reasons for Tooth Extraction
Crowding of Teeth
The mouth can only hold a specific number of teeth. If there are too many teeth for the available room, some teeth may need to be removed. Removing the teeth will help create more space for your remaining teeth and prevent overcrowding in the future.
Damage to Healthy Teeth
If a primary tooth is blocking the eruption of the permanent replacement, it should be removed. This will prevent damage to the primary tooth's roots and allow the permanent tooth to come in correctly.
Risk of Infection of the Tooth
Sometimes, one or more impacted teeth can be somehow infected. If the condition is not treated, the infection can spread to other areas of the face and the body through the bloodstream. An abscess may also form near the root of the impacted tooth and cause pain and inflammation.
Once extraction is complete, it is essential to follow all aftercare instructions provided by your dentist to prevent complications and promote healing.
Many patients choose to have a tooth extraction because their teeth are causing pain or discomfort or are very crowded together. Visit Drs. Davila & Velazquez, P.A. at 120 Oakmont Dr, Greenville, NC 27858, or call (252) 756-7789 for the best dental care.