The Link Between Diabetes and Oral Health

The Link Between Diabetes and Oral Health

Posted by Drs. Davila & Velazquez, P.A. Apr 28,2023

This is a thumbnail image of blog The Link Between Diabetes and Oral Health

Diabetes is a condition that results in elevated blood sugar levels in the body due to problems with the pancreas, insulin production, or insulin effectiveness. Type 1 diabetes occurs when the body cannot produce insulin on its own. This form of diabetes must be treated with daily injections of synthetic insulin to maintain healthy blood sugar levels. Type 2 diabetes is the result of the body producing too little insulin or using insulin ineffectively. Lifestyle changes are usually sufficient in controlling type 2 diabetes, but oral infections can make the disease more difficult to manage.

Both forms of diabetes increase the risk of periodontal disease. Blood sugar levels increase in the mouth when bacteria are present and cause inflammation of the gums that can result in gum recession. Gum disease is a risk factor for serious health issues such as heart disease and stroke, so maintaining good oral health is important for anyone who suffers from diabetes.

Immediate effects of untreated diabetes include dry mouth, which causes tooth decay and inflammation of the gums. High levels of glucose in the mouth can also lead to yeast infections called thrush. Over time, uncontrolled blood sugar levels can increase the risk of problems with vision, kidney and heart disease, nerve damage, and more.

What Causes Diabetes?

Scientists have yet to find the root cause of Type 1 diabetes, but they strongly suspect it’s a gene mutation that leads to the body’s inability to produce insulin. Genetics may play a role in the development of Type 2 diabetes as well – people with a family history of the disease are more likely to get it.

That being said, scientists also believe that certain lifestyle choices can trigger the onset of diabetes. For instance, people who are overweight or obese significantly increase their risk of getting type 2 diabetes. And consuming a diet high in fat and sugar can certainly contribute to weight gain. High blood pressure and high cholesterol are also risk factors.

People who have diabetes should follow their doctor’s recommendations for managing their condition. Eating a healthy diet and getting plenty of exercise are important for everyone’s health, but even more so for people with diabetes.

It’s also important to visit the dentist regularly if you have diabetes to control your blood sugar levels and prevent gum disease. Your dentist may recommend more frequent cleanings to avoid plaque buildup on your teeth as well as prescription medications to lower your risk of developing cavities. Patients who have poorly controlled blood sugar may also be at a higher risk for developing infections like gum disease – so it is important to practice good oral hygiene at home and visit the dentist often.

If you wish to learn more, visit Drs. Davila & Velazquez, P.A. at 1295 East Arlington Blvd Greenville, NC 27858, or call (252) 756-7789 to consult our dentist.

Leave A Reply

Please fill all the fields.

Contact Us

1295 East Arlington Blvd,
Greenville, NC, NC, 27858


Phone: (252) 756-7789

Working Hours

MON8:00 am - 6:00 pm

TUE - THU8:00 am - 5:00 pm

FRI8:00 am - 1:00 pm

SAT - SUNClosed